Can An Indoor Cat Survive Outside?

Affiliate Disclaimer

As an affiliate, we may earn a commission from qualifying purchases. We get commissions for purchases made through links on this website from Amazon and other third parties.

Did your dear cat try to run outside, and you are concerned for them? Your concerns are obvious, as survival threats are waiting outside for your pet. While cats have evolved as predators and outdoor animals, indoor cats are not accustomed to the challenges and dangers of outdoor living. Allowing an indoor cat outside unsupervised can risk its health and safety.

So, in this article, we will discuss the factors to consider before letting your indoor cat outside, the benefits and risks of outdoor living for cats, and how to train your indoor cat for outdoor life.

How Long Can an Indoor Cat Survive Outside?

The survival of an indoor cat outside depends on several factors, such as the cat’s age, health, breed, and prior experience with outdoor living. Generally, indoor cats are vulnerable to external hazards, including predators, vehicles, harsh weather conditions, and contagious diseases.

According to the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), domestic cats living indoors for most of their lives may not survive for more than a few hours or days outside. Kittens and senior cats are particularly vulnerable to the dangers of outdoor living and may not have the stamina or resources to survive without human intervention.

Dangers of Outdoor Living for Cats

Outdoor living exposes cats to several dangers that indoor cats are not accustomed to. Some of them include the following.


Leaving your cat outside has a great risk of being attacked by predators such as dogs, coyotes, foxes, and birds of prey. Domestic cats cannot always defend themselves against these predators; even if they do, they may suffer serious injuries.

Traffic Accidents

Vehicles on the road are also a major threat to your innocent oblivious cat stepping foot outside for the first time. This risk is particularly high for cats unfamiliar with traffic, who may not be able to react quickly enough to avoid being hit.


Indoor cats are at risk of contracting contagious diseases from other cats or animals they encounter outdoors. These diseases can be fatal for your cat and might require costly medical treatment.

Weather Conditions

Harsh weather conditions like extreme cold, heat, rain, and snow could be deadly for a cat. Felines not accustomed to these conditions may suffer from hypothermia, heatstroke, or other weather-related illnesses.


Domestic cats can ingest poisonous substances such as plants, chemicals, or food leftovers if kept outside. They might not know how to deal with these situations.

Factors to Consider Before Allowing Your Indoor Cat to Go Outside

Before letting your indoor cat outside, consider the following factors.

AgeDomestic kittens and aged cats are more susceptible to the risks of outdoor living.
HealthIndoor cats with pre-existing medical conditions may not be able to cope with the stress and challenges of outdoor living.
BreedSome cat breeds are more adapted to outdoor living than others.
Prior ExperienceIndoor cats with prior experience with outdoor living may be better equipped to cope with the challenges.
EnvironmentConsider the safety of your indoor cats in an outdoor environment, including the risk of traffic, predators, and access to clean water and food.

Benefits of Letting Your Indoor Cat Outside

While indoor cats are safer and more protected from the hazards of outdoor living, there are some benefits to letting your cat outside. Outdoor living can provide cats with stimulation, exercise, and opportunities to exhibit their natural hunting behaviors. However, there are some risks.

How to Train Your Indoor Cat for Outdoor Life?

Training your domestic cat for outdoor life can help them adjust to the challenges and improve its chances of survival. Here are some tips for preparing your cat for outdoor life.

Start Slowly

Begin by introducing your cat to the outdoors in small steps. Take them on regular walks or play with them outdoors, like in gardens and parks. Gradually it will start adapting to the outside environment.

Use a Harness and Leash

A harness and leash can help keep your cat safe while exploring the outdoors. Use positive reinforcement to encourage your cat to wear the harness and leash. Only use the leash if going outside; let your cat enjoy its freedom at home.

You can try Me Kitty Harness and Bungee Leash. This harness-leash combination is specifically designed for cats and provides a safe and secure way for your domestic pet to explore the outside world. The bungee leash reduces the risk of sudden pulls, and the adjustable harness provides a comfortable and snug fit for your cat.

Render Enclosed Outdoor Spaces

Provide your cat with a safe and enclosed outdoor space, such as a cat-proofed yard or enclosed balcony. Making an outdoor cat house is also a good suggestion, but it depends on your cat’s nature. Don’t force anything; try to make the changes slowly and steadily.

Provide Access to Food and Water

Ensure your cat has access to clean water and food while outside. Make it feed near the yard to train it slowly for outdoor living.

Train Basic Commands

Train your cat to come when called, stay when signaled, and other basic commands to keep them safe while outdoors.

Providing Safe Outdoor Spaces for Your Cat

If you let your indoor cat outside, providing them with a safe and supervised outdoor space is essential. Ensure your yard is safe for your cat by removing poisonous plants, chemicals, and sharp objects. Hence provide a Cat-proof yard for your cat. Shelter your cats, such as a covered outdoor area or a cat house, to protect them from harsh weather conditions. You can install a secure fence around your outdoor space to keep your cat safe and prevent them from escaping.

Giving your cat places to climb, hide, and rest while they are outside is also a good idea. Ensure that your cat has access to necessities to fulfill their basic needs while they are outside.


Indoor cats are not always equipped to survive outside, and letting them outdoors can risk their health and well-being. However, providing a safe and supervised outdoor space can give your cat regular exercise, playfulness, and opportunities to enhance their natural hunting skills. With proper training and supervision, your indoor cat can safely enjoy the benefits of outdoor living.

Latest posts

  • Can Cats Eat Oranges?

    Can Cats Eat Oranges?

    A common question cat parents often have is, can cats eat oranges? No, cats shouldn’t be fed oranges! Giving your cat oranges could be one of the worst decisions to make. Oranges are poisonous to […]

    Read more

  • How to Introduce a New Cat to My Home?

    How to Introduce a New Cat to My Home?

    Although it might sound exhilarating to introduce a new feline friend to your household, it involves considerable responsibility and effort. As a cat parent, you will need to take much into consideration before you introduce […]

    Read more

  • Is Milk Really Bad for a Cat?

    Is Milk Really Bad for a Cat?

    Are you wondering if is milk bad for cats? Although it is a common practice to leave milk out for stray cats, the reality is that milk is not suitable for adult cats. Like human […]

    Read more

  • The Best Way to Introduce Yourself to a Cat

    The Best Way to Introduce Yourself to a Cat

    When introducing yourself to a prospective feline friend, it is essential to consider their unique behavior and body language. Respecting a cat’s boundaries and preferences is paramount to establishing rapport and trust with your feline […]

    Read more

  • Why Do Cats Bring You Dead Animals?

    Why Do Cats Bring You Dead Animals?

    Despite your initial turmoil of discovering a dead animal in your cat, it is essential to understand that this behavior comes from their basic instincts. Cats deliver these “gifts” to show devotion, hunting prowess, and […]

    Read more